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This section is devoted to the use of cookies for the site. It allows you to find out more about the origin and use of browsing information processed during your consultation of our sites and about your rights. This page is therefore important for you, who want to have a positive and confident experience of our services and for us, who want to answer your questions about your consultation of the site in a precise and complete manner and take your wishes into account.

In application of the European directive known as   "telecom package  ", you must be informed and give your consent prior to the insertion of cookies and tracers.

In this context, you have the option of choosing not to be tracked when you visit a site or use an application. Your prior consent to the insertion of cookies and tracers is valid for a maximum of 13 months. It is also specified that, in accordance with the applicable regulations, certain trackers are exempt from obtaining this consent. A summary of the applicable rules are set out below, so that you can be fully informed and thus give free and informed consent.

What is a cookie or tracker?

Are concerned by the aforementioned regulations the tracers deposited and read for example during the consultation of a website, the reading of an e-mail, the installation or the use of software or an application mobile, regardless of the type of terminal used, such as a computer, a smartphone, a digital reader and a video game console connected to the Internet. As such, the term “cookie” largely covers:

  • HTTP cookies

  • “flash” cookies,

  • the result of the fingerprint calculation in the case of  “fingerprinting  ” (calculation of a unique machine identifier based on elements of its configuration at tracing purposes),

  • pixel tags or  "web bugs",

  • any other identifier generated by software or an operating system, for example. This whether or not the cookie collects personal data.

Cookies can have many purposes. Regardless of the type of cookie, only the issuer of a cookie is likely to read or modify the information contained therein.


What is the legal framework?

By adopting Directive 2009/136/EC, the European legislator modified the previous legal framework (Article 5(3) of Directive 2002/58/EC) and laid down the principle of prior consent of the user before storing information about a user's equipment or accessing information already stored.

The only exceptions to this principle are if these actions are strictly necessary for the delivery of a service expressly requested by the subscriber or user.

The transposition of this directive 2009/136/CE took place, in French law, by the ordinance n° 2011-1012 of August 24, 2011, having modified the article 32-II of the law known as “Loi Informatique et Liberté” of January 6, 1978.

Which cookies require prior information and a request for consent?

In principle, cookies requiring prior information and a request for consent may be, without this list being exhaustive:

  • cookies related to operations relating to targeted advertising;

  • certain audience measurement cookies (see  the exemptions below);

  • cookies from social networks generated in particular by their sharing buttons when they collect personal data without your consent.


The law provides that certain trackers are exempt from obtaining your consent. The case of audience measurement solution cookies (analytics)

To be exempt from requesting consent, audience measurement cookies must comply with the following conditions:

  • information must be given to you in order to be able to oppose the processing (this opposition must be possible from any terminal);

  • the data collected must not be cross-checked with other processing (customer files or statistics of visits to other sites, for example);

  • the registered tracer must only be used for the production of anonymous statistics and must not allow the monitoring of navigation on different sites. It must not be kept for more than 13 months and must not be extended during new visits;

  • the raw attendance data associating an identifier must also not be kept for more than 13 months;

  • the use of the IP address to geolocate you must not make it possible to determine your street: only the first two bytes of IPv4 addresses can be kept and possibly used for geolocation (for IPv6 only the first 6 bytes can be kept) .


Analytics solutions that do not comply with the above conditions must be subject to your prior consent.



  • Cookies that we issue for essential purposes

These cookies are essential for the operation of the site. Without them, it would not be possible to access our content or services.

  • Audience measurement cookies

These cookies make it possible to know the number of users and to identify how they use the site. The elements then collected allow us to constantly improve your user experience.

The data thus selected does not make it possible to identify a user, the information being anonymous.

  • The cookies we issue on our advertising spaces

Cookies are likely to be included in the advertising spaces of our sites. These advertising spaces display advertising content from advertisers on your device. These spaces contribute to the financing of the content and services that we make available to you.

  • Social media cookies

By clicking on the sharing buttons on our sites, cookies can then be installed on your device. This is the case with the Facebook TM, Twitter TM, Google +TM and YouTube TM buttons.

Without even clicking on these buttons, social networks can follow your navigation on our sites and thus collect data. It is impossible for us to control the information then collected.

The information collected will influence the content of the advertising pages present on these social networks according to your interests.

It is possible to oppose the installation of such cookies but you will no longer be able to benefit from the functionalities of the sharing buttons.

Here is the list of cookies used by social networks according to the publisher:

For more information, you can consult the privacy protection policy of its social networks.

You can also manage the installation of some of these cookies from the plateform YouOnlineChoices


How to collect your consent?

According to the law known as the "Data Protection Act", cookies and tracers requiring the collection of consent cannot therefore be placed or read on your user's terminal until you have given your consent.


Consent is a manifestation of will, free, specific and informed.

In this context, you have the choice of being able to accept or refuse the deposit of cookies or tracers.

The refusal, by you, of a cookie requiring your consent has no impact on your access or on your use of the website accessible at the address:

Your choice must be made for each application and for each website and your consent is required each time a new purpose is added to the purposes initially planned.

Steps for obtaining your consent, following the recommendations of the CNIL:


STEP 1: Your prior information

As soon as you go to the website accessible at the address   (home page or secondary page of the site), you are informed by the appearance of a pop-up banner:

  • the specific purposes of the cookies used;

  • the possibility of opposing these cookies and changing the settings by clicking on a link in the banner;

  • the fact that the continuation of your navigation is worth consent to the deposit of cookies on your terminal.


As long as you have not continued your navigation, that is to say until you have gone to another page of the website or you have not clicked on an element of the said website (such as a image, a link, a button, etc.), the aforementioned banner does not disappear. This, so that you are perfectly informed and that your consent is not ambiguous.

Except with your prior consent, the deposit and reading of cookies are not carried out:

  • if you go to the website (home page or directly to another page of the site from a search engine, for example) and do not continue browsing (a lack of action cannot in fact be assimilated to an expression of will);

  • if you click on the link present in the banner allowing you to configure the cookies and, if necessary, refuse the deposit of cookies.


Warning: the continuation of your navigation implies consent to the deposit of cookies on your terminal.


STEP 2: “Find out more – Cookie settings” page

If you click on the link “Find out more – Cookie settings  ”, you access this page, allowing you to set cookies and trackers.

This page allows you in particular to refuse the insertion of cookies and tracers.

To do this, we have implemented practical solutions, which are possible for all the tracking technologies we use (cookies, flash cookies, fingerprinting, plugins, certain images stored in the browser, memory spaces specific to different browsers , etc.).

You can thus freely accept or refuse cookies by purpose (advertising, social networks, audience measurement, etc.).


These terms allowing you to exercise your choices are as follows:

  • mechanism for setting cookies directly available on the website or in the application;

  • referral to the tools for opposing tracking offered by audience measurement, advertising or social network solutions; provided that these solutions are user-friendly and operational on all terminals and browsers. No information relating to Internet users who have not consented or who have decided to exercise their right of opposition must be collected;

  • under certain conditions, browser settings. For the management of cookies and your choices, the configuration of each browser is different. It is described in the help menu of your browser, which will allow you to know how to modify your wishes in terms of cookies.

For Internet Explorer™

For Safari™

For Chrome™

For Firefox™

For Opera™

In addition, we have put in place, in order to obtain your prior agreement:

  • a banner describing the purposes of the cookies used, asking you explicitly if you accept the deposit by families of cookies, while specifying the means at your disposal to subsequently withdraw your consent (see below);

  • an overlay consent request area;

  • checkboxes when registering for an online service allowing you to accept the deposit of cookies by category of purpose;

  • buttons to activate the functionalities of a service depositing cookies (for example, social network plugins).


How long is your consent valid for?

According to the principle of the right to be forgotten, the consent you have given must be able to be forgotten.

Thus, the period of validity of the consent to the deposit of cookies and tracers is 13 months maximum, from their first deposit in your terminal following the expression of your consent.

At the end of this period, your consent must be collected again.

Under no circumstances will the period of validity of your consent be extended during new visits by you to the website.

Terms of withdrawal of your consent

In order to allow you to withdraw your consent at any time, as easily as you could have given it, we have implemented the following user-friendly solutions:

  • mechanism for setting cookies directly available on the website or in the application

  • interprofessional platform Youronlinechoices:

You can connect to the Youronlinechoices site, offered by digital advertising professionals grouped within the European association EDAA (European Digital Advertising Alliance) and managed in France by the Interactive Advertising Bureau France.

You will thus be able to know the companies registered on this platform and which offer you the possibility of refusing or accepting the cookies used by these companies to adapt the advertisements likely to be displayed on your terminal to your browsing information:

This European platform is shared by hundreds of Internet advertising professionals and constitutes a centralized interface allowing you to express your refusal or your acceptance of the cookies likely to be used in order to adapt the navigation of your terminal to the advertisements that may be displayed there. Note that this procedure will not prevent advertisements from being displayed on the websites you visit. It will only block technologies that allow advertisements to be tailored to your areas of interest.

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